How Do You Raise A Child With Intellectual Disability?

What is the difference between intellectual disability and learning disability?

An intellectual disability describes below-average IQ and a lack of skills needed for daily living.

This condition used to be called “mental retardation.” A learning disability refers to weaknesses in certain academic skills.

Reading, writing and math are the main ones..

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”

Does mental retardation get worse with age?

What mental changes occur, as adults with mental- retardation grow older? Like the general population after age 50, people with mental retardation, who do not have Down syndrome, experience a gradual decline in overall intellectual capacity, a decrease in their speed of recall, and slower general cognitive functioning.

Which of the following can cause a child to have an intellectual disability?

The most common causes of intellectual disabilities are:Genetic conditions. Sometimes an intellectual disability is caused by abnormal genes inherited from parents, errors when genes combine, or other reasons. … Complications during pregnancy. … Problems during birth. … Diseases or toxic exposure.

What is an example of an intellectual disability?

Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability – like Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, fragile X syndrome, genetic conditions, birth defects, and infections – happen before birth.

How do you test for intellectual disability?

Diagnosing Intellectual Disability Intellectual functioning is assessed with an exam by a doctor and through standardized testing. While a specific full-scale IQ test score is no longer required for diagnosis, standardized testing is used as part of diagnosing the condition.

What qualifies as intellectual disability?

What is an intellectual disability? An intellectual disability is characterised by someone having an IQ below 70 (the median IQ is 100), as well as significant difficulty with daily living such as self-care, safety, communication, and socialisation.

At what age is intellectual disability diagnosed?

Intellectual disability is diagnosed before the age of 18. Most children with intellectual disabilities can learn a great deal and as adults may have partially or even fully independent lives.

What is the most common cause of intellectual disability?

Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability include fetal alcohol syndrome; genetic and chromosomal conditions, such as Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome; and certain infections during pregnancy. Children who have a sibling with autism are at a higher risk of also having autism spectrum disorder.

What are the characteristics of a child with mental retardation?

Signs and Symptoms of Intellectual Disability in ChildrenDifficulty in articulating a point.Learning speech at a slower rate.Misplacing objects.Having trouble remembering things.Poor academic performance.Overall low intelligence.Poor performance in IQ tests.Particular attention required to learn simple skills.More items…•

Is IEP a disability?

Fact: To qualify for special education services (and an IEP), a student must meet two criteria. First, he must be formally diagnosed as having a disability as defined under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). … Learn more about the process of getting an IEP with our IEP Roadmap.

Can a child outgrow intellectual disability?

Intellectual disability is not a disease and cannot be cured, however early diagnosis and ongoing interventions can improve adaptive functioning throughout one’s childhood and into adulthood. With ongoing support and interventions, children with intellectual disability can learn to do many things.

How can you help someone with an intellectual disability?

Speak in clear, short sentences and use simple words. Pause to enable the person to process what you are saying. Avoid long, complex sentences, technical words or jargon. Ask one question at a time and provide adequate time for the person to process the question and then formulate and communicate their response.

What are the 4 levels of an intellectual disability?

There are four levels of ID:mild.moderate.severe.profound.

How do I know if my child has an intellectual disability?

How Do I Know If My Child Has an Intellectual Disability?Sit up, crawl, or walk later than other children.Learn to talk later or have trouble speaking.Have trouble understanding social rules.Have trouble seeing the consequences of their actions.Have trouble solving problems.Have trouble thinking logically.